Area Guides: Athens

"The measure of a man is what he does with power"
- Plato, Greek Philosopher
  • Athens
  • Athens
  • Athens

Athens is the capital of Greece. Located in the historical peninsula of Attica, it is surrounded by four mountains (Parnitha, Penteli, Hymettus and Aigaleo) and projects into the Aegean Sea through a long coastline that starts from the neighboring city of Piraeus and ends at the archaeological site of Cape Sounio.

Athens is one of the most historical cities in the world, inextricably linked with ancient times. The Acropolis dominates the city and captivates the eye of all visitors and residents, creating an aura of majesty. Home of famous philosophers, such as Plato and Socrates, and birthplace of democracy, Athens is considered the cradle of Western civilization.

It is the largest and most populous city of Greece, as Athens Metropolitan Area counts approximately 4 million inhabitants. The climate is Mediterranean, with mild winters and hot summers, including heat waves during July and August. In the summer, the beaches of Attica are an oasis of coolness and calmness, offering the residents of the city the opportunity to live summer without leaving their homes.

For the lovers of outdoor activities and nature, the National Garden of Athens in the centre of the city and the Parnitha National Park in its Northern suburbs, create havens of rest reachable within less than an hour from any place of the Attica region. The hills of Lycabettus and Philopappos afford a great view of the city, while two observatories (in Thission and Penteli) offer a unique view of the sky. Additionally, the Attica Zoological Park hosts 2000 animals and is open to visitors all year round.

Apart from world famous museums, such as the Museum of Acropolis, Athens has over 100 theatrical stages, among them the ancient Odeon of Herodes Atticus, organizes many sporting events, including Athens Marathon, and attracts tourists from all over the world with its fabled nightlife. All the above shape the vivid identity of Athens.
Athens is accessible not only via Athens International Airport but also through the port of Piraeus and all national highways. Transport system in the city consists of a modern metro, buses and a commuter rail service.